IPA Institute for Political Analysis Prof. Dr. Volker von Prittwitz
Separation - a Democratic Right? The    current    events    in    Catalonia    show    a    low    level    of      reflection.    Since,    in    this    case,    two    absolute    ideas    are confronted     with     each     other     without     any     analytical mediation:   the   idea   of   independence   as   a   democratic   free right    and    the    idea    of    unitarian    constitutional    law.    In political   analysis,   in   contrast,   politics   is   conceived   of   in terms    of    multi-level    systems.    Even    big    national    states such    as    the    USA,    China,    or    Russia    do    have    to    respect international      and      global      bonds.      Otherwise      they encounter   opposition   and   lose   ground   -   or   they   risk   war… The   conzept   of   absolute   independence   is   premodern   and should     be     replaced     by     the     concept     of     Multi-level citizenship.    Based    on    this    concept,    generally    relations between   freedoms   and   bonds   are   at   stake   -   a   subject   of differentiated governance…